The central government has continued to support social programmes over the years. While the global financial crisis of 2008-09 and 2010-12 euro crisis resulted in a fall in its spending on the social sector, things have started to look good again in 2013-14. Here are key announcements made for the segment in the past 14 years.
2017/18
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  • 1. An Innovation Fund for secondary education will be created to encourage local innovation for ensuring universal access, gender parity and quality improvement.

  • 2. Launched SWAYAM platform with at least 350 online courses.

  • 3. Proposed to launch the Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion programme at a cost of Rs 4,000 crore.

  • 4. The next phase of Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement will also be launched in 2017-18 at a cost of Rs 2,200 crore.

  • 5. Mahila Shakti Kendra will be set up at village level with an allocation of Rs 500 crores in 14 lakh ICDS Anganwadi Centres.

  • 6. For the welfare of women and children under various schemes across all ministries, stepped up the allocation from Rs 1,56,528 crore in BE 2016-17 to Rs 1,84,632 crores in 2017-18.

  • 7. For senior citizens, Aadhar based smart cards containing their health details will be introduced.

  • 8. The allocation for the welfare of scheduled castes has been stepped up from Rs38,833 crore in BE 2016-17 to Rs 52,393 crores in 2017-18, representing an increase of about 35%.

  • 9. The allocation for scheduled tribes has been increased to Rs 31,920 crore and for Minority Affairs to Rs 4,195 crore

2016/17
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  • 1. Allocation for social sector including education and health care - Rs 1,51,581 crore

  • 2. Rs 2,000 crore allocated for initial cost of providing LPG connections to BPL families.

  • 3. New health protection scheme will provide health cover up to ` one lakh per family. For senior citizens an additional top-up package up to Rs 30,000 will be provided.

  • 4. 3,000 stores under Prime Minister's Jan Aushadhi Yojana will be opened during 2016-17.

  • 5. "Stand Up India Scheme" to facilitate at least two projects per bank branch. This will benefit at least 2.5 lakh entrepreneurs.

  • 6. National Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Hub to be set up in partnership with industry associations.

2015/16
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  • 1. Government to work towards creating a functional social security system for all Indians, specially the poor and the under-privileged.

  • 2. Rs 1,000 crore to the Nirbhaya Fund

  • 3. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramin Kaushal Yojana to enhance the employability of rural youth

  • 4. Unclaimed deposits of about Rs 3,000 crores in the PPF, and approximately Rs 6,000 crores in the EPF corpus. The amounts to be appropriated to a corpus, which will be used to subsidize the premiums on these social security schemes through creation of a Senior Citizen Welfare Fund in the Finance Bill

  • 5. A new scheme for providing Physical Aids and Assisted Living Devices for senior citizens, living below the poverty line

  • 6. Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana to cover both natural and accidental death risk of Rs 2 lakh at premium of Rs 330 per year for the age group of 18-50

2014/15
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  • 1. Rs 500 crore for "Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana" to augment power supply in rural areas.

  • 2. Rs 14,389 crore for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna(PMGSY)

  • 3. Initial sum of Rs 100 crore for "Start-Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme" to encourage rural youth to take up local entrepreneurship programmes.

  • 4. New programme "Neeranchal" for watershed development country with an initial outlay of Rs 2,142 crore.

  • 5. For the welfare of the tribals "Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojna" launched with an initial allocation of Rs 100 crore.

  • 7. Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana (VPBY) revived for a limited period from August, 15, 2014 to August, 14, 2015 for senior citizens.

  • 8. Scheme for Assistance to Disabled Persons for purchase/fitting of Aids and Appliances (ADIP) extended to include contemporary aids and assistive devices.

  • 9. Rs 50 crore for pilot testing a scheme on "Safety for Women on Public Road Transport".

  • 10. Rs 150 crore allotted to increase the safety of women in large cities.

  • 11. Rs 100 crore for "Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana", a focused scheme to generate awareness and help in improving the efficiency of delivery of welfare services meant for women.

  • 12. "Swachh Bharat Abhiyan" to cover every household with sanitation facility by the year 2019.

  • 13. Rs 500 crore provided for "Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya New Teachers Training Programme" to infuse new training tools and motivate teachers.

2013/14
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  • 1. Rs 27,258 crore provided for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan (SSA).

  • 2. An increase of 25.6 per cent over revised estimate of the current year for investments in Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

  • 3. Rs 13,215 crore for Mid-Day Meal Scheme.

  • 4. Rs 14,873 crore for JNNURM in budget estimates 2013/14 as against revised estimate of Rs 7,383 crore.

  • 5. Rs 9,954 crore and Rs 2,250 crore for Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana and National Food Security Mission, respectively.

  • 6. Augmentation in the budget allocation of Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan (RGPSA) to Rs 455 crore in 2013-14. An additional Rs 200 crore proposed to be provided.

  • 7. A fund - "Nirbhaya Fund" - to be setup with government contribution of Rs 1,000 crore.

2012/13
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  • 1. A new centrally sponsored scheme titled "National Mission on Food Processing" to be started in 2012-13 in co-operation with state governments.

  • 2. Rs 11,937 crore allocated for National Programme of Mid Day Meals in schools.

  • 3. An allocation of Rs 750 crore proposed for Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls, SABLA.

  • 4. Rs 3,124 crore provided for Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) representing an increase of 29 per cent over budget estimates of 2011-12.

  • 5. Allocation for NRHM up from from Rs 18,115 crore in 2011/12 to Rs 20,822 crore in 2012/13.

  • 6. National Urban Health Mission launched.

  • 7. Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana expanded to cover upgradation of seven more government medical colleges.

  • 8. Rs 3,915 crore for National Rural Livelihood Mission, an increase of 34 per cent.

  • 9. Rs 1,000 crore for National Skill Development Fund.

2011/12
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  • 1. "Women’s SHG’s Development Fund" created with a corpus of Rs 500 crore.

  • 2. Allocation under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) increased from Rs 6,755 crore to Rs 7,860 crore.

  • 3. Allocation for social sector in 2011-12 (Rs 1,60,887 crore) increased by 17 per cent over current year.

  • 4. Allocation for Bharat Nirman programme increased by Rs 10,000 crore from the current year to Rs 58,000 crore in 2011/12.

  • 5. Rs 21,000 crore allocated for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, up 40 per cent from 2010/11.

2010/11
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  • 1. The spending on social sector touched Rs 1,37,674 crore in 2010/11, which was 37 per cent of the total plan outlay in 2010/11.

  • 2. Allocation for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme stepped up to Rs 40,100 crore.

  • 3. Rs 48,000 crore for rural infrastructure programmes under Bharat Nirman.

  • 4. 26 per cent hike in Backward Region Grant Fund from Rs 5,800 crore in 2009/10 to Rs 7,300 crore in 2010/11.

  • 5. Rs 1,270 crore for Rajiv Awas Yojana.

  • 6. Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana, part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission, launched with a provision of Rs 100 crore.

2009/10
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  • 1. Allocation under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) up by 87 per cent to Rs 12,887 crore in 2009/10.

  • 2. Allocation under NREGS up 144 per cent to Rs 39,100 crore.

  • 3. Allocation for Bharat Nirman increased by 45 per cent.

  • 4. Allocation under Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) increased by 63 per cent to Rs 8,800 crore.

  • 5. New scheme Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY) with an allocation of Rs 100 crore launched on pilot basis for integrated development of 1,000 villages having population of scheduled castes above 50 per cent.

  • 6. Allocation under National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) increased by Rs 2,057 crore over interim budget estimate in 2009-/10 of Rs 12,070 crore.

  • 7. Allocation under Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana increased by 40 per cent over previous allocation to Rs 350 crore.

2008/09
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  • 1. Rs 8,000 crore for mid-day meal.

  • 2. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya : Rs 130 crore provided in 2008-09.

  • 3. National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship: Rs 750 crore allocated to build up a corpus of Rs 3,000 crore in four years.

  • 4. Nehru Yuva Kendra: Rs 10 crore allocated in 2008-09 to set up a Kendra in 123 districts.

  • 5. Allocation for Integrated Child Development Services enhanced from Rs 5,293 crore in 2007-08 to Rs 6,300 crore in 2008-09.

  • 6. NREGS to be rolled out to all 596 rural districts in India with provision of Rs 16,000 crore.

  • 7. Allocation for JNNURM increased to Rs 6,866 crore in 2008-09 from Rs 5,482 crore in 2007-08.

2007/08
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  • 1. Increase in provision for Bharat Nirman by 31.6% from Rs 18,696 crore to Rs 24,603 crore.

  • 2. Allocation for Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission to be increased from Rs 4,680 crore to Rs 5,850 crore.

  • 3. National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme to be introduced to arrest drop out ratio.

  • 4. Transfer to Prarambhik Shiksha Kosh to increase from Rs 8,746 crore to Rs 10,393 crore.

  • 5. Rs 12,000 crore for NREGS.

  • 6. Increase in allocation for Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rojgar Yojana from Rs 250 crore to Rs 344 crore.

2006/07
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  • 1. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme launched; in the current year, Rs 11,700 crore to be spent to create rural employment.

  • 2. Rs 8,746 crore to be transferred to the Prarambhik Siksha Kosh from revenues through education cess.

  • 3. Mid-day Meal Scheme: Allocation to be enhanced from Rs 3,010 crore to Rs 4,813 crore.

  • 4. Provision for Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission to be increased from Rs 3,645 crore to Rs 4,680 crore.

  • 5. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: allocation of Rs 14,300 crore for rural employment in 2006-07 with Rs 11,300 crore under NREG Act and Rs 3000 crore under SGRY

  • 6. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission: estimated outlay of Rs 6,250 crore for 2006-07 with grant of Rs 4,595 crore.

  • 7. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme: Rs 128 crore provided and an additional sum of Rs 172 crore to be provided during the year.

2005/06
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  • 1. Mid-day meal scheme: Increased allocation from Rs 1,675 crore in 2004/05 to Rs 3,010 crore in 2005/06

  • 2. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: Allocation increased to Rs 7,156 crore in 2005/06

  • 3. Indira Awas Yojana: Allocation increased to Rs 2,750 crore in 2005/06

2004/05
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  • 1. Antyodaya Anna Yojna: Provision of Rs 3,500 crore included in the allocation for food subsidy

  • 2. Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission: Allocation of Rs 2,610 crore for Accelerated Rural Water supply programme

  • 3. Allocation for Indira Awas Yojna raised by Rs 537 crore to Rs 2,247 crore