The overall value of companies with pledged shares has fallen nearly 30 per cent amid heavy market sell-off in the quarter ended March 2020, a report said. The correction in share value has further hit the companies with high pledged promoter holding, Axis Capital said in the report. Companies which have seen a staedy rise in promoter pledge in the last few quarters are Adani Power, Aurobindo Pharma, CG Consumer Electricals, Emami and Motherson Sumi. Firms which have recorded a drop in promoter pledge in past few quarters are Adani Green, Tata Consumer, Torrent Pharma and Zee.
"Value of shares pledged in BSE200 universe stood at ~USD 22 bn, 13.4% of promoter equity, up ~130 bps QoQ. Pledged value stood at 1.3% of BSE200 market cap and 7.6% of companies that have pledged their shares," it said. In addition, the pledged shares' value stood at 1.3 per cent of BSE200 market capitalisation.
In the quarter under review, the pledging rose for nearly 60 per cent and fell for about 25 per cent of the 42 companies that have pledged their shares, the report said. "During the quarter, Torrent Pharma and MRF revoked their entire pledged shares, while Godrej Consumer and Godrej Industries created fresh pledge of 1% and 6% respectively. Max Financial saw a maximum increase with pledged shares at USD 493 mn (currently ~95% vs. ~72% last quarter). Apollo Hospital saw the sharpest decline with the pledged shares at ~37% vs. ~67% previous quarter," it added.
Top 10 firms in pledge value
Adani Ports, Adani Transmission, Asian Paints, JSW Steel, Adani Enterprise, JSPL, Sun Pharma, GMR Infra, Emami and Adani Power are the top ten companies in pledge value, the report said.
Top 10 firms with rise in pledge value
Adani Enterprises, Adani Ports, Adani Transmission, Emami, Future Retail, Godrej Inds, JSPL, JSW Energy, JSW Steel and Max Financial are the top ten firms with increase in promoter pledge sequentially.
Top 10 firms with fall in pledge value
The top ten companies with decrease in promoter pledge Q-o-Q include Adani Green, Apollo Hospitals, Asian Paints, MRF, Tata Consumer, Tata Power, Tata Steel, Torrent Pharma, Varun Beverages and Zee Entertainment.
Meanwhile,the Bombay High Court recently passed two interim orders that temporarily stayed invocation of pledged shares seeing heavy selling in the market amid the coronavirus crisis. The first order restrained IDBI Trusteeship from selling the pledged shares of Future
Group's so as to repay debenture holders till further orders. The second one restrained ICICI Home Finance from selling pledged shares that secured a term loan.
What are pledged shares?
Pledging of shares is an option with the company promoters to secure loans so as to meet working capital requirements, personal needs and fund other ventures or acquisitions. In case promoters fail to make up for the difference, lenders can sell the shares in the open market to recover the money.