In his meeting with PM Modi in New Delhi on Monday, Mr Ma discussed how Alibaba can help empower small businesses in India, the e-commerce firm said without elaborating further.
"Had a very good meeting with Jack Ma," Mr Modi tweeted.
"Jack meets Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to discuss how Alibaba can help empower small businesses in India," Alibaba Group separately tweeted.
Mr Ma could not meet Mr Modi during his last India visit in November 2014.
One of Alibaba's key strategies over the next three years is to globalise so that the firm can help more small businesses around the globe.
Mr Ma, the richest man in China with a fortune of about $24.4 billion (Rs 1.5 lakh crore at 1 dollar = Rs 62), founded Alibaba in 1999 in Hangzhou, the capital of east China's Zhejiang Province.
According to research firm IDC, Alibaba is the world's largest online and mobile commerce company by GMV (gross merchandise value) in 2013.
During his last India visit, Mr Ma had said Alibaba was keen to invest more funds in India and will work with Indian technology entrepreneurs as he believes Internet can transform the country's future.
The Hangzhou-based firm will "invest more in India, work with Indian entrepreneurs and technology companies," he had said at that time.
Alibaba, which in September 2014 raised $25 billion in a record initial public offering (IPO), already has on its site a large number of small Indian businesses selling goods ranging from spices to chocolates to tea.
"Over the next three years, one of the key strategies for Alibaba is to globalise and to make sure that we can help more small businesses around the globe, use our services to do businesses," Mr Ma had said at a business event here.