The US budget deficit climbed to USD 2.81 trillion in the first 10 months of the budget year, exceeding any on record, the Treasury Department said Wednesday. The nation's budgetary shortfall is expected to eventually reach levels for the fiscal year that ends September 30 more than double the largest annual deficit on record.
The federal government rang up a USD 63 billion deficit in July, the department reported. That's a relatively modest amount compared to red ink that spilled in the spring months when the government tried to revive an economy that all but ground to a halt due to the coronavirus outbreak.
Last month's deficit was sharply lower than June's USD 864 billion, in part because the government collected a record amount tax revenue in July - USD 563 billion - after extending the filing deadline to July 15. That extension allowed Americans more time to sort through the economic havoc wrought by the pandemic.
Outlays to the Small Business Administration, which doled out USD 511 billion as part of the Paycheck Protection Program in June, fell to about USD 26 billion in July. So far this budget year, government receipts total USD 2.82 trillion, off just 1 per cent from the same period last year, Treasury officials said, crediting the "income replacement" provided by various government aid packages. In other words, unemployment benefits and other aid are still taxable.
Outlays so far this budget year total USD 5.63 trillion, a 50 per cent increase over the USD 3.73 trillion at this point in 2019, with the vast majority of the extra spending related to fortifying the country's economy in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. Congress has already passed rescue packages totaling nearly USD 3 trillion this year, but Democrats and Republicans remain far apart on another relief bill, just as an expanded unemployment benefit of USD 600 per week expired on July 31.
President Donald Trump issued a series of presidential directives last weekend to prolong the extended unemployment benefits at USD 400 a week, with 25 per cent to be paid for by the states. But it's unclear how much of an economic boost the extension would provide, given the economic uncertainty and funding that could run dry after five weeks.
Democrats in the House passed another bill with USD 3 trillion in aid, but the Republican-led Senate is pushing for a package closer to USD 1 trillion and did not bring the House bill up for a vote before going on August recess. The Congressional Budget Office has forecast a USD 3.7 trillion deficit for this fiscal year as the country fell into a deep recession in February, ending a record expansion of nearly 11 years.
The Trump administration is predicting that the economy will bounce back in second half of 2020, but many private forecasters are concerned that consumers will dial back spending as infections surge in states like Florida. Consumer spending drives the US economy, making up about 70 per cent of all economic activity.
Last month, the government reported that the gross domestic product declined at a record 32.9 per cent annual rate in the April-June quarter, as a resurgence of the viral outbreak pushed businesses to close for a second time in a number of regions. For 20 consecutive weeks, more than a million Americans have sought jobless benefits.
The unemployment rate fell last month to 10.2 per cent, still higher than any point during the financial crisis of 2008-2009. That was also when the federal government set the record for an annual deficit, hitting USD 1.4 trillion in 2009 as it tried to dig the country out of recession. The US blew past that mark in May.