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With the bill for the reorganisation of Andhra Pradesh having been approved by the Union Cabinet, the state of Telangana, the 29th state of the Indian union, is all set to become a reality.
     Print Edition: Jan 5, 2014

State of Play
With the bill for the reorganisation of Andhra Pradesh having been approved by the Union Cabinet, the state of Telangana, the 29th state of the Indian union, is all set to become a reality. A brief look at what this means:

Contours: The state of Telangana will comprise 10 districts bounded by the remaining part of Andhra Pradesh to the south, Maharashtra to the west and Chhattisgarh to the north and east. Hyderabad, which falls within Telangana, will be common capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh for at least the next 10 years.

History: The demand for Telangana dates almost from the time the state of Andhra Pradesh was created in 1953. Before Independence, Telangana - then known as Hyderabad state - was ruled by the Nizams, while the rest of Andhra Pradesh - Rayalaseema and the coastal districts - was part of the British-ruled Madras Presidency. They were joined together as the residents spoke a common language, Telugu.

The demand for a separate Telangana sparked major movements in 1969, 1972 and 2009. These often turned violent leading to police firing and deaths. Around 250 to 300 activists were killed between 2009 and 2012 alone.

Grievances: Those seeking a separate state allege the Telangana region has been discriminated against by successive governments of Andhra Pradesh. It remains less developed than the other areas. They claim that though large parts of the catchment areas of the Godavari and Krishna rivers lie in Telangana, the benefits of irrigation from the canals built to channelise their waters have gone mainly to coastal Andhra. They believe large portions of the funds allocated to Telangana were never spent.

Likely impact: Many hold that smaller states lead to better governance. States such as Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and more recently Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh have done better economically than when they were part of larger states.

However, the creation of India's 29th state may give a fillip to demands for separate states in other parts of the country, such as Vidarbha in Maharashtra, Gorkhaland in West Bengal or Bodoland in Assam.

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Wild Hurdle
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