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Chronology of Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case in Ayodhya

twitter-logo PTI        Last Updated: March 8, 2019  | 17:00 IST

New Delhi, Mar 8 (PTI) The following is the chronology of events in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case in Ayodhya in which the Supreme Court Friday referred the politically sensitive case for mediation to a panel headed by former apex court judge F M I Kallifulla and gave it eight weeks to complete the process. - 1528: Babri Masjid built by Mir Baqi, commander of Mughal emperor Babur. - 1885: Mahant Raghubir Das files plea in Faizabad district court seeking permission to build a canopy outside the disputed Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid structure. Court rejects plea. - 1949: Idols of Ram Lalla placed under a central dome outside the disputed structure. - 1950: Gopal Simla Visharad files suit in Faizabad district court for rights to worship the idols of Ram Lalla. - 1950: Paramahansa Ramachandra Das files suit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols. - 1959: Nirmohi Akhara files suit seeking possession of the site. - 1981: UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit for possession of the site. - Feb 1, 1986: Local court orders the government to open the site for Hindu worshippers. - Aug 14, 1989: Allahabad HC ordered maintenance of status quo in respect of the disputed structure. - Dec 6, 1992: Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid structure demolished. - Apr 3, 1993: 'Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act' passed for acquisition of land by Centre in the disputed area. - Various writ petitions, including one by Ismail Faruqui, filed in Allahabad HC challenging various aspects of the Act. - Supreme Court exercising its jurisdiction under Article 139A transferred the writ petitions, which were pending in the High Court. - Oct 24, 1994: SC says in the historic Ismail Faruqui case that mosque was not integral to Islam. - Apr, 2002: HC begins hearing on determining who owns the disputed site. - Mar 13, 2003: SC says, in the Aslam alias Bhure case, no religious activity of any nature be allowed at the acquired land. - Mar 14: SC says interim order passed should be operative till disposal of the civil suits in Allahabad HC to maintain communal harmony. - Sep 30, 2010: HC, in a 2:1 majority, rules three-way division of disputed area between Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla. - May 9, 2011: SC stays HC verdict on Ayodhya land dispute. - Feb 26, 2016: Subramanian Swamy files plea in SC seeking construction of Ram Temple at the disputed site. - Mar 21, 2017: CJI JS Khehar suggests out-of-court settlement among rival parties. - Aug 7: SC constitutes three-judge bench to hear pleas challenging the 1994 verdict of the Allahabad HC. - Aug 8: UP Shia Central Waqf Board tells SC mosque could be built in a Muslim-dominated area at a reasonable distance from the disputed site. - Sep 11: SC directs Chief Justice of the Allahabad HC to nominate two additional district judges within ten days as observers to deal with the upkeep of the disputed site. - Nov 20: UP Shia Central Waqf Board tells SC temple can be built in Ayodhya and mosque in Lucknow. - Dec 1: Thirty-two civil rights activists file plea challenging the 2010 verdict of the Allahabad HC. - Feb 8, 2018: SC starts hearing the civil appeals. - Mar 14: SC rejects all interim pleas, including Swamy's, seeking to intervene as parties in the case. - Apr 6: Rajeev Dhavan files plea in SC to refer the issue of reconsideration of the observations in its 1994 judgement to a larger bench. - Jul 6: UP government tells SC some Muslim groups were trying to delay the hearing by seeking reconsideration of an observation in the 1994 verdict. - Jul 20: SC reserves verdict. - Sep 27: SC declines to refer the case to a five-judge Constitution bench. Case to be heard by a newly constituted three-judge bench on October 29. - Oct 29: SC fixes the case for the first week of January before an appropriate bench, which will decide the schedule of hearing. - Nov 12: SC declines early hearing of petitions in the case requested by Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha. - Nov 22: SC dismisses PIL seeking direction to organisations and public at large to "behave" and not air their views that can spoil the atmosphere till it decides the title dispute case. - Dec 24: SC decides to take up petitions on case for hearing on January 4. - Jan 4, 2019: SC says an appropriate bench constituted by it will pass an order on January 10 for fixing the date of hearing in the title case. - Jan 8: SC sets up a five-judge Constitution Bench to hear the case headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and comprising Justices S A Bobde, N V Ramana, U U Lalit and D Y Chandrachud. - Jan 10: Justice U U Lalit recuses himself prompting SC to reschedule the hearing for January 29 before a new bench. - Jan 25: SC reconstitutes 5-member Constitution Bench to hear the case. The new bench comprises Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justices S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S A Nazeer. - Jan 27: SC cancels the January 29 hearing due to non-availability of Justice S A Bobde. - Jan 29: Centre moves SC seeking permission to return the 67-acre acquired land around the disputed site to original owners. - Feb 20: SC decides to hear the case on Feb 26. - Feb 26: SC favours mediation, fixes Mar 5 for order on whether to refer matter to court-appointed mediator. - Mar 6: SC reserves order on whether the land dispute can be settled through mediation. - Mar 8 : SC refers the dispute for mediation by a panel headed by former apex court judge F M I Kallifulla. PTI LLP RKS SA

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