A Japan Airlines (JAL) Boeing 787 Dreamliner remained grounded at Tokyo's Narita International Airport on Wednesday as regulators demanded checks to see if the aircraft was fit to fly, a day after white smoke vented from the plane and a battery cell showed signs of melting.
The incident comes a year after JAL and ANA Holdings grounded their Dreamliner fleets after separate issues with batteries overheating. All of Boeing Co's 787s were then taken out of service for more than three months while the plane manufacturer sought a fix for the problem.
ANA said its 787s were operating normally on Wednesday.
"The incident only happened yesterday (Tuesday), so it's difficult to say when checks, or any repairs would be complete," an official from the Japan Civil Aviation Bureau told Reuters. The agency will oversee inspections of the power pack by battery maker GS Yuasa Corp, JAL and Boeing.
The latest incident with Boeing's state-of-the-art plane, which is built with carbon-fiber composite materials and a powerful electrical system to reduce weight and improve fuel efficiency, raises fresh concerns about the plane's safety and reliability.
Boeing said it was "aware of the 787 issue that occurred Tuesday afternoon at Narita, which appears to have involved the venting of a single battery cell." Venting is the process of fumes and heat being channeled outside the battery casing and the aircraft when the battery overheats.
It noted the issue took place during scheduled maintenance with no passengers on board. "The improvements made to the 787 battery system last year appear to have worked as designed," it added.
Boeing shares closed down 0.5 per cent at $140.01 on the New York Stock Exchange.
The issue of who will pay for any losses incurred by keeping the jet from flying will be determined after the plane is back in the air, said a spokesman for Japan Airlines, which operates 13 Dreamliners.
Global regulators grounded all 50 Dreamliners owned by eight airlines on January 16, 2013. They remained out of service while Boeing redesigned the battery, charger and containment system to ensure battery fires would not put the plane at risk. The cause of the battery problems has not been determined.
Since then the number of 787s in operation has more than doubled to 115 planes at 16 carriers. ANA remains the world's leading operator with 24 Dreamliners.
The US Federal Aviation Administration, which certified Boeing's revamped 787 battery system as safe last year, said it was working with the aircraft maker and regulators in Japan to investigate the battery malfunction. The agency has yet to release the findings of a review of Boeing's design, manufacture and assembly of the 787 that it said would be released last summer.
United Airlines, the only US carrier to fly the 787, was conducting precautionary checks on its Dreamliners, said a person familiar with the matter who asked not to be named as they were not authorized to speak publicly. United declined to comment on the inspections, saying only that "Our 787s are operating normally and we have not experienced any issues with our batteries."
Air India, which has 11 Dreamliners, will wait to know the details of the latest battery incident before taking any action, Chairman Rohit Nandan said in a text message on Wednesday in reply to a question from Reuters.
JAL said maintenance engineers who were in the cockpit preparing the aircraft to fly to Bangkok on Tuesday, saw white smoke outside the plane. Warning lights in the cockpit later alerted them to possible faults with the main battery and charger. On checking the battery, encased in a steel containment box, they found one of eight cells had leaked a liquid. A relief valve designed to open when pressure rises inside a cell had opened, JAL said.
The liquid that leaked did not appear to breach the containment box, said a person familiar with the matter, who was not authorized to speak publicly, and it appears that any fumes vented through a port that is part of the containment system - a sign that the system likely worked properly.
PLAGUED WITH PROBLEMS
The 250-seat Dreamliner, which costs about $212 million at list price, has been plagued with problems. It was more than three years late to enter service after issues with parts, and has since suffered a series of mishaps with brakes, fuel lines, electrical panels and hydraulics, and other systems.
In July, after the 787 was cleared to return to service, an Ethiopian Airlines jet caught fire at London's Heathrow Airport, scorching the fuselage. The cause of the fire was never firmly established, but UK investigators traced the probable cause to faulty wiring of a lithium battery in an emergency beacon in the ceiling near the tail of the plane.
Also in July, Qatar Airways took one of its 787s out of service for what it said was a "minor" technical issue. Industry sources later told Reuters they were treating seriously reports that the aircraft had been grounded after smoke was seen near an electrical panel.