A Boeing 787 took off from Seattle on Monday on a test flight to see if a redesigned battery system works properly while the plane is in the air.
The test is an important step in Boeing's plan to convince safety regulators to allow airlines to resume using the plane, which the company calls the Dreamliner.
Boeing Co.'s new 787s have been grounded since January, when a lithium-ion battery on one plane caught fire after it landed in Boston and the battery on another began smoking during a flight in Japan, forcing an emergency landing.
Boeing added insulation around battery cells and a steel casing on the outside to prevent fires. Company officials have said they might never know the cause of the smoldering batteries, but they hope to get the planes back in the air within weeks, not months.
The US National Transportation Safety Board and Japanese authorities are investigating the incidents.
The NTSB plans to hold a forum next month in Washington on the use of lithium-ion batteries in transportation. The agency said today that the event April 11 and 12 will focus on design and performance of the batteries and regulation of their manufacturing and use.
Monday's test flight was expected to last about two hours.
Boeing used a 787 that it built for LOT Polish Airlines.
Boeing spokesman Marc Birtel said the plane's crew would test landing gear, electrical and backup systems and "demonstrate that the new battery system performs as intended during flight conditions."
Birtel said that once the flight is done, Boeing will analyse data from it and prepare to seek certification.
Boeing declined to provide access to the plane or its facilities before or after the flight.