India's energy and environment ministries want the government to scrap an import tax on liquefied natural gas (LNG) and impose a levy on use of pet coke and furnace oil to promote cleaner fuel, they said in a presentation to Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
India is the world's third largest emitter of greenhouse gases and relies heavily on coal, gas and oil imports to meet its energy needs and fuel its economic expansion.
Its energy consumption is bound to grow as it targets 8-9 percent economic growth from around 7 percent in 2016/17.
To cut the country's carbon footprint, the government wants to raise the use of gas in its energy mix to 15 per cent in three to four years from 6.5 percent now.
LNG imports, which account for 44 per cent of gas use in the country, are duty free only if shipped in for the power sector.
At a meeting with Modi on Wednesday, top officials from the power, coal, mines, oil and gas, renewables and environment ministries made a series of demands and suggestions ahead of budget on Feb. 1, in a presentation seen by Reuters.
The group asked for a tax on furnace oil/pet coke to promote use of biofuels. They also sought continuation of tax incentives and benefits for the renewable energy sector beyond March.
In late October, Modi set up 10 groups of senior officials to "undertake a critical review" of the government's work in a number of areas, including energy, transport and agriculture.
India, the world's third biggest oil consumer, has also tasked its state-run oil companies to set up ethanol plants at 12 locations within a year.
Among other "key planned actions", the group has asked for long-term loans and introduction of interest subsidies of 4 percent in six months for hydro projects with more than 100 megawatts (MW) of annual capacity.
To curb diesel consumption, India wants to raise the number of electric vehicles on roads to 7 million by 2020 from just around 20,000 now. The group proposed the use of electric vehicles in public transport and for government vehicles within three years.
The bulk of goods in India are transported by road in diesel-guzzling trucks because of higher rail freight costs that compensate for low passenger fares and account for about two-thirds of railways' revenue.
To further restrict diesel use, the panel proposed indexing passenger fares in railways to fuel costs, within a year.