What may be in store for this Union Budget
Kapil Nayyar January 20, 2017
Union Budget 2017 is going to witness two historical changes. First is the change in the date of presenting the budget from 28th February to 1st February and the second being the merger of railway budget with the union budget. Both these changes are indicating the government's intent to expedite the implementation of the financial decisions by the start of the financial year.
This year's budget may revolve around two major economic decisions taken by the government in 2016, introduction of Goods and Services Tax and the demonetisation move announced on November 8. Since people at large are uncertain on the impact of both, the budget is expected to have some positive sops for both individuals and corporates.
Few changes and expectations from the Budget 2017 are:
a) Various incentives for widening the tax base
Currently only 3.5% of the 800 million Indian adults file taxes as opposed to developed nations where the ratio is 75%+. Further 1.2% only actually pay taxes in India, vs. 1.9% in China, 6% in Brazil, 33% in Russia and
55% in USA (maturity of country's tax economy is also one of the major factors above).
The budget may introduce few incentives which would encourage the non tax filing population to take steps for filing income tax returns and pay taxes.
b) Expected incentives for individuals
1. The exemption limit for individuals was revised in FY 2014-15. Keeping in view the cost of living trend in the economy and to compensate the population from the inconvenience faced due to demonetization, the tax slab rates may be revised as follows:
Upto 3 lacs - NIL 3 - 5 lacs - 10% 5-10 lacs - 20% Above 10 lacs - 30%
The education cess may also be revisited keeping in view that it was introduced more than a decade ago with the sole purpose of providing basic education to all.
2. Long term and short term capital gain upto 5 lacs to be rationalized and taxed based on the slab rate rather than the special rate assigned for the capital gain tax.
3. Increase in the exemption limit under Section 80C from INR 1,50,000 to INR 2,00,000
5. Tax exemption on preventive health check-up should be raised from the current INR 5,000 to a maximum of INR 20,000 under section 80-D of the Act.
6. The current tax exemption limit of INR 15,000 per annum towards reimbursement of medical expenditure by the employer is inadequate in comparison with the medical expenses incurred by the taxpayer and needs to be increased to at least INR 50,000 per annum.
1. Reduction in the Tax Rate for companies
The previous budget introduced a reduction in the corporate tax rate from 30% to 25% over the next four years along with corresponding phasing out exemptions and deductions. As a result of this amendment, many exemptions and deductions were phased out but corporate tax rate was reduced to 29% only in case of domestic companies where the total turnover or gross receipts during the previous year 2014-15 does not exceed 5 crores. In order to standardize the same, the following is expected:
2. Minimum Alternate Tax
The current MAT rate comes to approximately 20% for companies having book profit. Also the credit for MAT paid is time bound and can only be carried forward for further 10 years. This has been a major point of debate for corporate assesses. It is expected that these two ambiguities are take care off and the following may be proposed:
3. Abolition of Dividend Distribution Tax
4. Deferment of Income Computation and Disclosure Standards (ICDS)
The government may further defer the applicability of ICDS (which is supposed to be mandatory from 1st April 2017) as there are still a lot of ambiguities in determining its impact and usage.
5. Deferment of Place of Effective Management (POEM)
In relation to provisions of POEM, there are a lot of ambiguities in the interpretation of guiding principles for determining POEM. Since POEM has a long term impact on companies, we may see a deferment in the applicability of POEM for a reasonable period of time to allow taxpayers and tax authorities to understand its guidelines.