Vitiligo: What is this autoimmune disease ailing actor Mamta Mohandas

Mamta Mohandas says she has vitiligo

Actor Mamta Mohandas wrote on Instagram that she is suffering from vitiligo, a skin condition often linked to autoimmune diseases

Vitiligo: Losing Colour

The actor-singer posted selfies posted her picture on Instagram and said she is "losing colour"

Vitiligo: Depigmentation
Of Skin

Vitiligo is a condition that causes loss of skin color in patches called depigmentation. It usually affects the skin on the body. The discoloured patches usually grow bigger over time

Vitiligo: Destruction
Of Skin Cells

The disease is mainly caused due to the attack and destruction of melanocytes, melanin-making skin cells, by the body's immune system. Globally, 1% of people have vitiligo

Vitiligo: Linked To
Other Diseases

People suffering from the following diseases can get vitiligo:
* Pernicious anemia
* Psoriasis
* Rheumatoid arthritis
* Hashimoto's thyroiditis
* Type 1 diabetes
* Alopecia areata
* Celiac disease

Vitiligo's Other Affects

The affected people’s skin turns into a milky-white colour that often appears symmetrically on both sides of their body. Sometimes, people's hair and the inside of their mouths and nose can also show signs of vitiligo

Vitiligo: Diagnosis

A physical examination and close evaluation of patient's skin can show telltale signs. Other modes of diagnosis include a blood test or doctors can also use a black or UV light to detect early phases

Vitiligo: Cure

There is no cure for vitiligo but there are treatment options, which slow down or stop the disease's progression, encourage the re-growth of melanocytes

Vitiligo: Treatment

Topical medicated creams or medicines with corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors are prescribed. Phototherapy or laser treatments are also used to treat specific areas affected by vitiligo

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