Although Shah Rukh Khan appears in the coming sci-fi flick Ra.One, he isn't the star. That honour goes to the movie's special effects team, who have created the most elaborate VFX (visual effects) in Indian cinema history. Here's a slideshow of the cutting-edge techniques that studios use to create special effects magic onscreen.
Siddharth Anand's Anjaana Anjaani, Ranbir Kapoor-Priyanka Chopra's on-screen love story, enthralled audiences. Majority of the scenes in the movie featured visual effects, which helped carry the film's narrative. The VFX shots executed by Prime Focus included the following: a backdrop of Manhattan & New Jersey, an opening bridge scene and the climax sequence.
Romantic comedy flick Dil To Bacha Hai Ji, directed by Madhur Bhandarkar, also featured VFX created by Reliance Media Works. An increasing number of smaller studios in Bollywood have also started using VFX. Better late than never.
Filmmaker Sanjay Leela Bhansali used several techniques to create the dream and memory sequences his 2010 release Guzaarish, starring Hrithik Roshan and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan.
Guzaarish, in which Hrithik Roshan plays a paralysed man, has many sequences of him dreaming of his life before a stage accident left him immobile.
The techniques used in Guzaarish include adding motion and animation to shots.
Guzaarish also had shots where Hrithik Roshan is shown suspended from the roof for some flying sequences. Of course, the audience never got to see those suspension wires.
Though the movie failed to create magic at the box office, Guzaarish was appreciated for the numerous 'magic' sequences.
Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey tells the true story of forgotten heroes of the 1930 Chittagong revolution. The effects were done by Reliance Media Works.
The narrative of Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey takes us through every step of the action from the initial trepidation, to the thrill of the attack, to the underground movement, daring escapes and tragic captures, and most importantly, their undying legacy.
For BBC One TV series The Deep, Mumbai- and Chennai-based Pixion studios created an underwater abyss.
Pixion created the submerged world's appearance in the The Deep along with creatures, dust particles, explosions, sea craft etc.
Over a hundred artists at Pixion worked on the The Deep project for six months, contributing more than 550 VFX shots for five episodes in the first season.
Prime Focus contributed a number of visual effects sequences to James Cameron's stereoscopic 3D feature film Avatar (above). The movie features numerous stereographic and 'Holotable' displays, animated graphics, immersive environments and other visual effects. Prime Focus contributed about 10 per cent of the visual effects for Avatar. The company created a total of 200 shots out of a total of more than 2,000 shots.