Vinita Gupta works hard and expects her team to do the same. This year, the 47-year-old CEO of Lupin Ltd even cancelled the usual holiday on Diwali at its Baltimore, US, headquarters, making do with just a puja, a traditional Indian lunch, and a bit of fun and games. It is this dedication to her work that has enabled her to raise the company's US business, which she has been heading since 2005, from a mere five per cent of its revenue then to 45 per cent. Lupin, started by her father Desh Bandhu Gupta in 1968, retained its sixth rank this year (by prescriptions) in the annual list of 10 biggest and fastest-growing US pharma companies compiled by global healthcare industry tracker IMS Health - the only Asian company to figure in the list. Gupta has been CEO since September 2013.
"We've made a strong effort so far, but I cannot say I'm fully satisfied with our performance," says Gupta. Most people would have been. Lupin's consolidated revenue rose to Rs 12,599 crore with a net profit of Rs 2,403 crore in 2014/15, against Rs 5,706 crore and Rs 862 crore five years ago, fuelled largely by its overseas expansion and acquisitions. (The US business alone grew 16 per cent in 2014/15 over the previous year to Rs 5,657 crore.) The company's market cap has risen at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 48.4 per cent in these five years from Rs 18,590 crore to Rs 90,275 crore (as on March 31, 2015), while earnings per share (EPS) have gone up at a CAGR of 29 per cent from Rs 19.36 per share to Rs 53.55. (In comparison, at India's biggest pharma company, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries, EPS increased from Rs 8.80 to Rs 18.90 in the same period.)
INCOME/ 3-YR CAGR: Rs 9,933 crore/ 23 per cent
OP. PROFIT/ 3-YR CAGR: Rs 3,373 crore/ 43 per cent
PAT/ 3-YR CAGR: Rs 2,397 crore/ 44 per cent
AVG MCAP/ 3-YR CAGR: Rs 59,127 crore/ 43 per cent
AVG MCAP (APR-SEPT 2015)/YOY GROWTH: 66 per cent
ROE/ ROCE: 30.1 per cent/ 39.7 per cent
CASH/DEBT: Rs 59 crore/ 45 crore
NET PROFIT MARGIN: 24.30 per cent
Standalone data, net of extraordinary income and expenses
Gupta's goal, however, is even higher. "I want Lupin to become a $5 billion (Rs 32,500 crore) company by 2018," she says. "It is doable. About $4 billion should come from organic growth and the remaining from acquisitions. We need to build upon the good work done so far for the next two years, apart from supplementing it with inorganic opportunities." Indeed, Lupin has been much in the news this year for its acquisitions, especially the takeover of US-based generics maker GAVIS Pharmaceuticals for $880 million in July this year, which gave the company its first manufacturing facility in the US. With 66 products awaiting approval and another 65 under development, most of them in niche dosage forms, GAVIS has immense potential.
GAVIS is the largest of Lupin's acquisitions, of which there have been 16 in the last few years, including three others between May and July - Medquimica Industria Farmaceutica in Brazil, Zao Bio Biocom in Russia and the specialty products portfolio of Temmler Pharma in Germany. Though many of these acquisitions are fairly small, they have created marketing front ends for Lupin across the globe. "Our focus now is to properly assimilate the recently acquired assets to leverage their potential," says a senior company executive.
2005: Lupin launches its generics prescriptions division in the US. Vinita Gupta heads the facility
2007: Acquires Kyowa Pharmaceutical Industry Company Ltd, a leading generic company in Japan
2008: Acquires stake in Generic Health Pty Ltd, based in Australia, and majority stake in Pharma Dynamics, South Africa
2009: Acquires majority stake in Multicare Pharmaceuticals Philippines Inc
2013: Gupta takes over as global CEO, heading advanced markets and global acquisition strategy
2014: Acquires Laboratorios Grin S.A. Mexico, enters the Latin American Market. Acquires Nanomi B.V. of Netherlands to enter complex injectables space
2015: Acquires specialty product portfolio of Temmler Pharma GmbH & Co. in Germany; GAVIS Pharma in New Jersey, US; Biocom in Russia and Medquimica in Brazil
Developed markets together now contribute 48 per cent to Lupin's revenue (the bulk, no doubt, coming from the US) and emerging markets another 19 per cent, while the domestic market's share has shrunk to 26 per cent from 31 per cent five years ago. "Apart from the US, many new markets are going to be crucial for Lupin in the future," says Gupta. "We expect to do much better in Europe, which we did not pay much attention to in the past and in Japan, our second biggest overseas market, where there has been some slackening of growth. We also expect major growth in markets such as Russia, South Africa, Philippines, Brazil and other South American countries."
Recent hires at top levels from rival global companies underscore Gupta's keenness to make a mark in the new markets. In October, Lupin appointed Fabrice Egros, formerly Deputy CEO and Chief Operating Officer at Russian pharma major NovaMedica, as President, Asia Pacific and Japan, as well as Martin Mercer, former head of Japan-headquartered Astellas Pharma's Latin American business, as its President for Latin America. Thierry Volle, former head of German giant Vifor Pharma's EU and International Business, took over as President for Europe, Middle-East and Africa in November.
The ambit of Lupin's products has also expanded over the years from mere generics to branded, specialty and complex generics. It has spent heavily on research and development, and in creating new facilities. R&D expenditure rose from Rs 530 crore in 2010/11 to Rs 1,118 crore in 2014/15, while capex went up from Rs 480 crore to Rs 758 crore in the same period. Of its 77 products being sold in the US, 31 are market leaders. "We are now a branded generics-focused company with a diversified portfolio of products, including many limited competition products," says Gupta. "We have the infrastructure in place to meet future demand."
Unlike a number of other leading Indian pharma companies, which have been pulled up by the US Food and Drugs Administration over product quality - and had exports to the US from some of their units suspended - Lupin has gone unscathed. "We have a vigilant quality maintenance team," she says. "Most of our facilities have gone through six audits successfully in the past year."Encomiums for Gupta and Lupin pour in from those who have interacted with her, as well as pharma industry watchers. "She has a rare combination of courage, passion, good judgement and strong interpersonal skills," says Yvonne Greenstreet, former Senior Vice President and Head of Medicine Development at Pfizer. Bill Pasmore, Professor of Practice at Teachers College, Columbia University, is just as impressed. "Gupta combines sophisticated strategic thinking and hard-driving business focus with a very personable style," he says. "People who work for her love her. Her energy and persona are driving Lupin's global growth." Closer home, IDFC Securities Analyst Anubhav Agarwal testifies to Lupin's potential. "Strong R&D and regulatory capabilities, along with an aggressive and competent management team provide confidence about Lupin's ability as a complex generics-focused player and eventually a global specialty player," he says.
The current financial year, however, is proving a challenge, with growth less turbo-charged than before, primarily due to a slowdown across the US, Japan and domestic markets. "Product approvals in the US have slowed and there is margin pressure due to some consolidation of wholesale traders," says Gupta. "But the situation is improving and we hope to be back on track by the last quarter of this year."
Broking firm Emkay predicts that Lupin could grow organically to about $4 billion by 2018. "The reasons are lack of high value US product approvals, continuing weakness of the Japan business and a slowdown in the domestic anti-infective business," say Emkay analysts Jatin Kotian and Gaurav Tinani. IDFC's Agarwal echoes their reservations. "There are challenges to Lupin's growth in the near-term, given the sharp erosion in its US business, delays in key abbreviated new drug approvals and likely squeeze in its return ratios after the GAVIS acquisition," he adds.
Still, Lupin has 160 filings pending approval in the US, so once these come through, it could bound forward, point out Barclays analysts Balaji Prasad and Rohit Goel. Citi's analysts Prashant Nair and Bansi Vora also cite reasons why Lupin's chances of overcoming the current dull phase are high. "Pick-up in the pace of US approvals, a 200 per cent price hike in the price of one of its formulations, gFortamet, which will start reflecting from the fourth quarter, new, interesting product launches like gNexium and gGlumetza and the closure of the GAVIS deal (will all help)," they say.
"In coming years, our focus will be on high growth in new geographies and greater technological capabilities, augmenting our respiratory portfolio, complex injectables and biosimilars," says Gupta.