Former Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has contested the government's claims that India's economy is on a recovery path. Delivering the "State of the Economy" address at Business Today's flagship event, MindRush 2015, in New Delhi, Chidambaram said the findings of the mid-year economic analysis carried out by the finance ministry do not support the government's view.
"In the July-September quarter, India's GDP growth was 7.2 per cent. Depending on what you compare it with, it is good, bad or mixed. It is bad if you compare with the 8.2 per cent growth during the corresponding quarter last year, and it is mixed if you look at the 7.6 per cent growth during the previous quarter. It is good if you look at expectations. Hence, some of you may argue that the government is doing everything possible. I want to push back against this complacent view," he said.
"The GDP deflator is minus this time, because of low commodity prices that have pushed inflation into the negative territory. Even the RBI has suggested that the deflator is lower than it should be. It is overstated. This is the reason why a nominal growth rate of six per cent translates into seven per cent growth. The last time the nominal growth rate was this low was in 1965/66," he said.
According to Chidambaram, if nominal GDP continues to grow in the same fashion, it will have serious consequences for the government's fiscal burden. "Government debt as a percentage of GDP will increase, and this will make borrowing increase, thereby increasing the interest burden. As a result, the government will have to cut expenditure further to meet the fiscal deficit target," he said.
He even questioned the latest industrial growth numbers. "At 9.8 per cent, the IIP growth looks impressive, but this high growth in October was because of base effect. Adjusting this growth, it remains in the range of 2-3 per cent. I suspect there is distress in rural India. There is growing stress in the agricultural sector," he said.
Chidambaram wanted the government to stop blaming the global situation and get its act together.
On GST, Chidambaram reiterated the Congresss stand that the party is willing to support the legislation provided the government makes the three amendments it has been asking for. He also expressed doubts over the governments intention to legislate Direct Tax Code and accept the reco-mmendations of the Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission.