In an apparent reference to Vijay Mallya case of loan default, the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley wondered whether the legal system has become hurdle in the process of loan recovery leading to "escape" of wilful defaulters .
Jaitley stressed that not a single loan was written of by banks and not a single rupee was written off.
Explaining the issue of bad loans, he said when an account becomes NPA from standard, the categorisation changes but there is no debt waiver.
"Not a single rupee was waived off. It is only re-provisioning from one category, you go to another category," he said while replying to a debate on Budget in the Lok Sabha.
On the issue of wilful defaulters, the Finance Minister said there are legal hurdles in dealing with such borrowers given the existing bankruptcy framework.
"You take legal action where recoveries are to be made.
Here I must tell you it's a big challenge to the legal system.
The most visible of defaulters who are managing to escape out of the country.
"A question we have to ask ourselves...did the legal system act as a hurdle in the recovery? How many cases the banks have had to fight against such people and this is for every institutions now to really look within," he said.
He, however, did not make any direct reference to Mallya who had left India on March 2, presumably for London, days before the Supreme Court heard a plea of clutch of state-owned banks seeking recovery of over Rs 9,000 crore from his group companies.
Jaitley said "wilful defaulters is a pharse under RBI guidelines where a defaulter is declared a wilful defaulter, you are barred from rest of the financial system from taking loan in your name, your companies or any other companies."
Such entities cannot raise money from the financial market by misleading people, he said, adding this facility is also denied to wilful defaulters.
In order to deal with this problem, the Finance Minister said that this country desperately need the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Law.
"It is intended to deal with this situation. The earlier we are able to bring it in house...I hope in the second half of the Budget session that gives you the power when the company is sinking to takeover the management so that the incompetent and failed can exit, jobs can be saved and more competent can come in and run the company," he said.
On measures being taken by the government with regard to NPA reduction, the Finance Minister said the first step is that the cleaning of balanceheet.
"We cannot function against concealed balance sheet.. that's the process which is on. Besides that, these tough measures like declaration of wilful defaulters then you have a strong mechanism in the bank whereby the banks can takeover shareholding of the companies. They can compel you to sell the assets, they can bring new promoters," Jaitley said.
Some of these companies are being sold to those who can bring in money to these companies, he told the House.
Besides wilful defaulters, there is another category of borrowers who are unable to repay loans due to business failures and economic failure of various sectors--highway, steel, sugar and power, he said.
"You have to address the cause of illness as far as sectors are concerned," he said.
The highest NPA contributor is the steel sector because of external factor of China, he said, adding, there was heavy flooding of steel from China at half the domestic price leading to huge losses to steel companies in the country.
To check heavy import of steel, the government took various initiatives including raising of customs duty and imposing minimum import price, he said.
"After all these measures, the conditions of steel companies have improved in the last few months and in the next 2-3 quarters, the sector would be back on its feet," he said.
With regard to sugar sector he said the government took steps including bank loans to sugarcane farmers.
Besides, the global sugar prices have also improved and it has helped sugar mill and sugar sector has benefited, he added.
The highway sector has also seen improvement with increased government spending, he said, adding, power sector issue is also being dealt by UDAY scheme launched by Power Ministry.
He said that 15-16 states have signed MoU.