Five out of 12 public sector banks are trading near the face value of their equity shares on bourses regardless of a rally in stock benchmark indices, according to an analysis.
Shares of state-run Indian Overseas Bank are even trading below the face value of Rs 10 per share. The stock closed at Rs 9.27 on Friday at BSE when the benchmark index Sensex closed at 40,509.
The Chennai-based bank tapped the market first on September 2000 offloading part of the government's stake at par or at the face value of Rs 10.
Remaining four public sector banks of Bank of Maharashtra, UCO Bank, Punjab & Sind Bank and Central Bank of India are trading near the face value of Rs 10 per share.
Shares of Punjab & Sind Bank closed at Rs 10.81 per unit, Bank of Maharashtra's at 11.29 per unit on Friday.
Mumbai-based Central Bank of India is slightly better positioned with closing price of Rs 12.45 per share followed by Kolkata-based UCO Bank at 12.14 per unit.
One of the reasons for low interest of investors in these stocks is limited free float, an analyst said, adding that most of the banks have government holding of over 90 per cent leaving little number of shares for the public to trade.
The government holding in Indian Overseas Bank is at the highest level of 95.84 per cent followed by UCO Bank at 94.44 per cent, Bank of Maharashtra at 93.33 per cent and Central Bank of India at 92.39 per cent.
The government holding in Delhi-based Punjab & Sind Bank was less than 90 per cent at 83.06 per cent at the end of June 30, 2020.
Many banks have taken their shareholders' approval for raising capital from the market. This may lead to dilution of stake of the promoter.
UCO Bank has approval to mobilise equity capital amounting to Rs 3,000 crore during the current financial year through various modes including follow on public offer (FPO), qualified institutional placement (QIP) and preferential issue.
Bank of Maharashtra has clearance for raising capital of up to Rs 2,000 crore by way of QIP issue, FPO or rights issue while Indian Overseas Bank plans to raise Rs 500 crore via public offer or rights issue, which will be open for participation from government of India.
Meanwhile, Central Bank of India plans to mop up Rs 5,000 crore of equity capital through various modes, including follow on public offer and rights issue, to maintain its capital adequacy ratio.
As per Basel III regulations, banks are required to maintain minimum common equity tier-1 (CET 1) ratio of 5.50 per cent plus capital conservation buffer (CCB) of 2.50 per cent in the form of equity capital, tier-1 ratio of 9.50 per cent and overall CRAR of 11.50 per cent.