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Decade after 26/11: What security measures has India taken to prevent repeat of Mumbai attacks?

Decade after 26/11: What security measures has India taken to prevent repeat of Mumbai attacks?

Has India done enough after 26/11? On the face of it, things look different and the country, it seems, is now better equipped and prepared.

The terrorist attack on 26th November, 2008, set in motion events that would change the course of life in India's financial capital. A group of Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists unleashed a series of attacks at several places, including Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Oberoi Trident and the Taj Palace & Tower. Mumbai was under seize for four days before the national security guards killed nine terrorists and captured one alive. Sadly, that wasn't before India lost 165 people and over 300 were seriously injured.

The attack exposed India's security preparedness. The attackers sailed on a boat from Karachi and entered Mumbai, without anybody noticing them. But, has anything changed since then? There are no yes and no answers. On the face of it, things look different and the country, it seems, is now better equipped and prepared.

Coastal security preparedness: Terrorists slipping by India's coast guards was a major embarrassment for Indian security agencies. A decade later the 26/11 tragedy, coastal security project is well underway. Today, there is a major maritime defence and surveillance architecture in place to prevent a repeat of 26/11.

Coastal infrastructure: The most important lesson that was learnt post-26/11 was accepting the need for enhanced maritime domain awareness. Coastal surveillance network has already been established along the coast with first phase- with 46 radars- already completed. The second phase of 38 radars is in the pipeline. India has already commissioned the Information Management and Analysis Centre in Gurgaon for easy collection and dissemination of shipping data for increased awareness.

Operation Sagar Kavach: Post the 26/11 attacks on Mumbai, operation Sagar Kavach was put into operation to improve the coordination between several security agencies including Indian Navy and Coast Guards, and the local police.

Strength of India Navy: The Indian Navy's ability to ward-off any 26/11-like misadventure has been strengthened.  It is now seemingly capable of upholding India's interests in the seas.

Establishment of subsidiary multi-agency centres (SMAC): Intelligence Bureau (IB) has reorganised its MAC and it now functions 24/7. It has also established SMACs in 30 important locations in India to share intelligence with all other security agencies.

Tracking fishing boats: A system has been put in place to track all the fishing boats 24/7. Issuances of biometric cards to the fishermen, online registrations, using Automatic Identification System (AIS) etc. are some of the steps that have been undertaken.

Force One: Maharashtra government has instituted an elite commando force called Force One and has also introduced specialised training for them on the lines of National Security Guards (NSG).

NSG preparedness: National Security Guard (NSG) has learnt a lot in the last 10 years and is prepared for all different kinds of terrorist activities that India might face.

Creation of centralised database: Post 26/11, specialised agency, the National Intelligence Grid or NATGRID, was constituted to create database of security related information. Hubs were created for rapid response to such attacks.

Enhanced security presence at sensitive areas: There are more metal detectors and presence of armed guards at sensitive places in the country than ever before.