US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo is likely to discuss Huawei's participation in India's 5G trials with the government today as he arrived in the country for his first first high-level engagement with Modi-led NDA regime after Lok Sabha elections.
The country has been pressurising India to ban the Chinese company from its 5G development and deployment on the back of security concerns of Chinese surveillance on these networks. The US had banned Huawei's products on May 21 and also barred US companies from supplying software and components to the Chinese company. Meanwhile, Australia and New Zealand have also banned Huawei from participating in their 5G trials.
Other issues expected to be discussed between the two sides are Indo-US trade relations, Iran oil trade, H-1B, defence purchases, terrorism and Pakistan.
Pompeo is in India till June 27. The US Secretary of State will meet his counterpart S Jaishankar on June 26 and will call on Prime Minister Narendra Modi before leaving for Osaka on June 27 for the G20 Summit. He is in India to strengthen Indo-US ties and forge relations with Modi after his re-election.
Meanwhile, on the eve of Pompeo's visit to New Delhi, a top US lawmaker on Tuesday told him that there is a lack of predictability and coherence in America's strategic relationship with India.
Congressman Eliot L Engel, Chairman of House Committee on Foreign Affairs, in a letter urged Pompeo to not only reaffirm and strengthen the US-India strategic partnership, but also convey a coherent set of objectives and predictability to the new Indian government that will help this relationship reach its full potential.
"I am deeply concerned by the inconsistencies between the administration's rhetoric and actions toward India, which are further exacerbated by the lack of a confirmed assistant secretary more than two years into this administration's term," Engel said in his letter to Pompeo.
He said tensions have increased over each side's tariff policies, starting with the US "Section 232" tariffs on steel and aluminium. There is a growing view that the administration is attempting to coerce India into complying with the US demands on a variety of issues, rather than negotiating with them as a strategic partner, Engel said.
"The threats to strip India of its privileges under the Generalized System of Preferences in the middle of the country's general election has furthered the notion that the administration sees the India relationship as a transactional one. And the decision to end waivers related to the US sanctions on Iran could alienate India when we need to be working with our partners to prevent destabilising Iranian activities," he said.
According to the top head of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, the administration's policies have not only failed to advance the US objectives but have also introduced significant friction in its partnership with New Delhi.
The trade concerns are real, and the United States must continue to work with the Indian government on market access and other important issues like international child abduction and human rights, he said.
"But the administration must also demonstrate a predictable, coherent, and consistent strategy that strengthens the US-India cooperation, especially in areas where our interests and values align. It's critical that American engagement support those in India who seek to further strengthen India's ties to the United States," Engel demanded.
The measure and strength of bilateral relationships, he argued, cannot be boiled down to trade deficits and tariffs.
The inconsistent US approach toward India risks setting back the strategic partnership that the two countries have worked for decades to cultivate, he added.
"I urge you to use your visit to not only reaffirm and strengthen the US-India strategic partnership, but also convey a coherent set of objectives and predictability to the new Indian government that will help this relationship reach its full potential," Engel said.