In a temporary respite to Indians living in America, the proposed work ban on spouses and relatives of H-1B visa holders will not be enforced for the time being.
A US court has refused to reverse, for now, a 2015 rule issued by former (US) President Barack Obama that permits spouses of H-1B visa holders to work in America.
The H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows the US companies to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations.
A 2015 rule issued by the Donald Trump's predecessor Barack Obama allowed work permits for certain categories of H-4 visa holders (dependent family members - spouse and children - of the H1-B visa holders), who otherwise could not be employed while H-1B visa holders seek permanent resident status.
Indians, in particular women, were the greatest beneficiary of this rule, which has been challenged by several US workers with the current Trump administration supporting their cause, saying that it wants to rescind the rule.
A three-judge bench of the US Courts of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on November 8 sent the case back to a lower court noting that it is "best to remand" to give the district court an opportunity to thoroughly assess and finally determine the merits in the first instance.
"Accordingly, we reverse the district court's grant of summary judgment and remand for further proceedings consistent with this opinion," the federal court said in its order on the lawsuit filed by Save Jobs USA.
Save Jobs USA comprises of American workers who claim that they have been laid off due to the policy of the Obama administration to provide work permits to H-4 visa holders.
By making H-4 visa holders eligible for lawful employment, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), which oversees immigration, sought to "ameliorate certain disincentives that currently lead H-1B non-immigrants to abandon efforts to remain in the US while seeking (lawful permanent resident) status, thereby, minimising disruptions to US businesses employing such workers", the court said.
It noted that the government has explained that H-1B non-immigrants and their families often face long delays in the process of obtaining permanent residence, and H-4 visa holders' inability to work during these delays leads to "personal and economic hardships" that worsen over time, "increasing the disincentives for H-1B nonimmigrants to pursue lawful permanent resident status and thus increasing the difficulties that US employers have in retaining highly educated and highly skilled non-immigrant workers".
The judges also observed that the rule will cause more H-1B visa holders to remain in the US than otherwise would - an effect that is distinct from that of the H-1B visa holders' initial admission to the country.
(With PTI inputs)